Images of British Lichens
Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J.-E.Mattsson & M.J.Lai
(= Cetraria pinastri (Scop.) Gray)
Foliose, yellow (greener when wet), lobe margins fringed with bright yellow soralia; apothecia apparently unknown in Britain. Very scarce and declining, northern and with most sites in the Eastern Highlands of Scotland, on acidic stumps, twigs and bark, including Heather (Calluna) and Pine (Pinus), but predominantly in Britain on Juniper (Juniperus communis) and further threatened by the decline of this host (see Binder & Ellis (2008), Lichenologist 40: 63-79).
Refs: Smith et al. (2009), 962; Purvis et al. (1992), 175 (as Cetraria pinastri); Dobson (2011), 466 (photo); van Haluwyn et al. (2009), 104-5 (photo, as Cetraria); van Herk & Aptroot (2004), 392-3 (photo); Wirth (1995), 1: 268; 2: 971 (photo); Wirth, Hauck & Schulz (2013), 2: 1179 (photo), 1180; Moberg & Holmåson (1984), 76 (photo, as Cetraria); Holien & Tønsberg (2008), 39 (photo); Nordic Lichen Flora (2011) 4: 128, 172 (photo, printed too dark); Stenroos et al. (2011), 489 (photo); Puntillo (1996), plate 42 (photo); Hansen & Anderson (1995), 22 (photo); Hinds & Hinds (2007), 511-2 (photo); Pope (2005), 32 (photo); Brodo et al. (2001), 731 (photo); Walewski (2007), 129 (photo); McCune & Geiser (2009), 377 (photo).
The very similar V. juniperinus, more readily fertile and bearing stalked black pycnidia, but lacking soralia, occurred in similar habitats and had a similar distribution, but seemingly is long extinct.
|On old pine (Pinus sylvestris) stump, Kindrogan, Perthshire, April 2002|
(was in poor condition in 2003, tending to be covered by Larch (Larix) needles from adjacent plantation, and sadly has now gone from here)
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Uploaded August 2008, last updated September 2013 (first hosted at www-biol.paisley.ac.uk, January 2003)