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Images of British Lichens



Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm.
 
'Tree Lungwort'


Thallus lobes large, bright green and somewhat lustrous when wet, glaucous to brownish when dry, loosely attached, surface strongly reticulate-ridged, commonly with soredia or isidia developing along the ridges; apothecia uncommon, orange-brown. On deciduous tree bark, rarely rocks, in parkland and old forest, largely restricted to unpolluted areas in the north and west, formerly more widespread.

Refs: Smith et al. (2009), 561; Purvis et al. (1992), 362; Dobson (2005), 255 (photo); Dobson (2011), 261-2 (photo); Jahns (1983), 242-243 (photo); Whelan (2011), 112 (photos); Nordic Lichen Flora (2007) 3: 80, 188 (photo); van Haluwyn et al. (2009), 80-1 (photos); Valcárcel et al. (2003), 244-5 (photo); Wirth (1995), 2: 560-561 (photo, as Lungenflechte); Wirth et al. (2004), 90 (photo); Wirth, Hauck & Schulz (2013), 2: 707 (photo), 709; Frahm et al. (2010), 112 (photo), 113; Moberg & Holmåson (1984), 183 (photo); Holien & Tønsberg (2008), 114 (photo); Arup et al. (1997), 188 (photo); Stenroos et al. (2011) 44 & 262-3 (photos); Brodo et al. (2001), 417, 419 (photo); Hinds & Hinds (2007), 301-2 (photo); Walewski (2007), 110 (photo); McCune & Geiser (2009), 192 (photo); Lichen Atlas of the British Isles 3: 857 (1998).

Lobaria pulmonaria
Lobaria pulmonaria
On Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Glen Tilt, Perthshire, April 2008
 
Lobaria pulmonaria, with apothecia
On beech (Fagus sylvatica), by Loch Oich, Westerness, April 2009
 
Lobaria pulmonaria
Taymouth, Perthshire, April 2002


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© A.J. Silverside
Uploaded March 2008, last updated September 2013 (first hosted at www-biol.paisley.ac.uk, January 2003)